Air pollution has rapidly increased since the industrialization revolution. During this era, people had not realized the long term dangers imposed by factory wastes as many were only interested in capital accumulation. The advancement of human activities since then has led to a massive increase in pollution. Contemporary processes in industries, emboldened by automation and technological advancements have been adopted with the aim of reducing this menace.
Despite all these efforts, new forms of pollution keep on surfacing. Therefore, it is difficult to justify if our efforts will count in the long run. We have to acknowledge that industrialization plays a huge role in economic development of low and middle-income countries. Majority of the historical records hold that the developed countries broke the vicious cycle of poverty through industrialization. However, it is imperative we question this notion. Is it the only way in which we can achieve economic success?
Many developing countries have in recent years found themselves in the same state; increase air pollution. “Air pollution threatens us all, but the poorest and most marginalized people bear the brunt of the burden,” said Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, director-general of the WHO.
Major towns and cities which have high activity levels have become victims. With an influx in population, it has become quite a challenge to control human activities. Other contributors like vehicles and non-renewable energy sources have also factored in.
Residents in major cities have eventually taken collective responsibility in fighting air pollution. Birmingham residents with the help of key stakeholders in the city council recently came up with plans of a clean air zone. Having recognized that their streets experience excessive air pollution, the council is working on a proposal which will become effective in 2020. This proposal stipulates that most polluting vehicles driving in the city center will be charged. Although businesses are worried that they shall be driven out of business, the only choice they now have is to work with the city council and come with ways of reducing air pollution e.g. develop well planned logistics, and minimize movements.